The Kamchatka Peninsula is one of the most unique mountainous areas of Russia. It is a part of circum — Pacific volcanic belt. It is washed by the waters of the Sea of Okhotsk, the Bering Sea, and the Pacific Ocean. The Sredinny Range (Middle Range, 900 km) divides Kamchatka lengthwise into western and eastern parts. The western coast is swampy lowland, which has regular outline indented by hundreds of rivers, streaming down from the slopes of the Sredinny Range to the Sea of Okhotsk.
The eastern coast is the valley of the Kamchatka River, flowing north along the Eastern Ridge, which is parallel to the Sredinny Range. A deep-water trough stretches along the eastern coastline. The coast is steep, cliffy, indented by harbours and points. Kamchatka is a zone of modern volcanism; it has 30 active volcanoes, about 300 extinct and destroyed volcanoes, and more than 2500 cones, a great number of cold mineral and thermal hot springs and geysers.
One of the most attractive places is the Eastern Volcanic Plateau with its highest in Eurasia volcanoes.
The highest point is the peak of Klyuchevskoy Volcano – 4750 m above sea level.
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